Monkey Gone To Heaven – The Pixies

The Pixies is band that was formed in 1986 in Boston. The predominant genre is pop/rock, and its style vary from alternative pop/rock,, alternative indie rock and college rock.

 

 

Monkey Gone to Heaven»‘s main theme is enviromentalism. The song mainly deals with man’s destruction of the ocean and «confusion of man’s place in the universe. «Monkey Gone to Heaven» includes references to numerology in the lyrics «If man is five/then the Devil is six/and God is seven». It’s a reference from what I understand to be Hebrew numerology, and I don’t know a lot about it or any of it really. I just remember someone telling me of the supposed fact that in the Hebrew language, especially in the Bible, you can find lots of references to man in the 5th and Satan in the 6th and God in the 7th, The line «monkey gone to heaveb» itself forms a basis for the song, which revolves around man’s relationship with the divine and environmentalism.

 

 

 

The Destructors

Rite of passage

  1. An object of desire
  2. Trespassing (Defying authority)
  3. “Dare/Challenge (Construction of identity)
  4. The mischief (it should be owned up and dealt with in a mature way)
  5. Atonement (Confesion and regret, acceptance)

 

Answers:

1.The desire of the kids is to destroy Mr. Thomas’s house, and the reader can notice this when it “reads: “ ‘We’ll pull it down,’ he said. ‘We’ll destroy it’.” And “ It’s proposed that tomorrow, and Monday we destroy Old Misery’s house.”

2. The kids defy the authorities (authorities being the owner of the house, their parents and the law) when they enter “Old Misery’s” house without any kind of permission. “Blackie climbed the door into Misery’s garden.”

3. Trevor wanted to prove that he could be more than just another member of the gang. He wanted to show that although he came from a high class and had a fancy name, he could still be like the others, in fact he believed he could be the leader of the gang. “ ‘I don’t want to pinch anything’ T. said. ‘I’v got a better idea.’” , “‘It was the end of his (Blackie’s) leadership’” and “ T. was giving his orders with decision” show us that the idea T. had allowed him to prove that he could be a great leader.

4. The kids show no kind of regret after being caught by Mr. Thomas, we can see this when they lock him in the loo and intend to leave him there over night. “‘There’s nothing personal,’ the voice said. ‘We want you to be comfortable tonight’” and “‘You wouldn’t be comfortable, not in your house, you wouldn’t. Not now’”.

5. The kids don’t confess or show regret with actions after destroying Old Misery’s house. “‘ What do you mean, boy?’ but the footsteps receeded.” After the disaster the kids made at the house, they left, leaving Mr. Thomas aline the whole night in a garden loo.

  • Find quotes to prove the following themes:

 

  1. The individual affected by the social crisis. (Post war).

  • “‘I got some chocolates’ (…) The gang were puzzled and perturbed by this action and tried to explain it away”. The kids don’t trust the man, they seem to believe that too much kindness isn’t normal in people, so they choose to find an explanation to why somebody would do this extremely rare gest and make it go away. There is no trust in society either, every day there are less persons willing to do an act of true kindness towards the other, so when we do receive one, we find ourselves puzzled and can not believe it.

 

  • “‘Let me out’ he called, and heard the key turn in the lock. ‘A serious crash,’ he thought, and felt dithery and confused and old.” The man is clearly affected by the problem the kids are causing, although he hasn’t done anything to them or anyone else. We can see this in society, bad things happen to people that haven’t done anything to deserve it (As in war: horrible deaths just because they tried to save the country).

 

  1. The aftermath of he war: How destruction leads to more destruction.

  • “‘we’ve done enough anyway.’ ‘Oh, no, we haven’t. Anybody could do this’ (…) ‘We’ve got to finish.’ This quote shows how they had the chance to stop and leave the house, but they decided the destruction they had caused wasn’t enough. If they had already got there, why were they to stop? They found no answer to this question and kept on destroying. People often find that the damages that they have caused arent discovered or caught, so they keep on doing what they’re doing at higher risks and causing more destruction to society.

 

  1. The evil nature of man.

  • “‘I don’t mind you playing round the place Saturday mornings. Sometimes I like company.’ (…)  ‘Let me out’ he called, and heard the key turn in the lock. ‘A serious crash,’ he thought, and felt dithery and confused and old.” The kids tricked Old misery into the loo, even after he told them they could come over on saturdays and play in his garden. We can see how evil the kids are even after the old man offered an act of kindness.

 

  1. Loss of compassion (as a result of war).

  • “His eye lit on the remains of a bath and what had once been a dresser and he began to laugh. There wasn’t anything left anywhere.” The man’s home had been destroyed along with everything he cared about and had to listen to a man laugh about the misery he was left in. This man that helped him get out of the loo had a significant loss of compassion.

 

  1. Class struggle.

  • “There was every reason why T., as he was afterwards reffered to, should have been an object of mockery- there was his name (and they substituted the initial because otherwise they had no excuse to laugh at it), the fact that his father, a former architect and present clerk, had ‘cone down in the world’ and that his mother considered herself better than the neighbours.” We can see how the kids had to replace Trevor’s name for “T” because they would otherwise laugh at it all day because it was a rich person’s name. Trevor was at a higher social class and his new friends mocked him for it.

 

Symbols:

1. Mr Thomas’s house: this house was a symbol of strength and hope, that was the only thing that survived the war.

2. Mr Thomas and the children: they represent the fragmented society, on one hand, Mr Thomas conveys the goodness that survived the war, and the children the damaged part of society, that lose all hopes.

3. Old Misery: this name was how the kids called Mr Thomas, it conveys the impossibility of seeing good in people and kindness, that how everyone must be buried in misery after war.

4. Money burning: it symbolizes what the kids wanted, they were so affected by war, everything they wanted was to destroy, to take away people’s belongings to put them in the same position as they were.

5. The debris of the house: it symbolizes the ruins of war, how destroyed was London town.

6. The laughter of the driver: this showed the lack of compassion people had, the destroyed society after war.

BLOG ANSWERS:

2) I believe that the theme of this story is lack of compassion, cruelness, destruction, war and society. We can see the lack of compassion and cruelness when the kids lock Old misery in his own loo and destroy his house, without thinking for a second that they were ruining his life, we can also see it when the man in the truck laughs about the destruction of a home and a life. Destruction is presented in the house, Old misery’s life and the kid’s childhood and innocence. The society is shown as a wrecked one, because the innocent lives of the children have now become into souls of evil and with no place for feeling anything but anger and desire of destruction, who will grow and will be the future of the society, while the owner of the truck laughs at a life getting ruined with not a little pity for the man in order to even try to control himself and show some respect in front of a destroyed home. All these can be compared with war and the pain and destruction it causes: lovely lives destroyed along with territory, in such cruel manner

 

4)  The story is set in London since London was extremely damaged after World War Two. The story complains about the consequences of war. Firstly, because it explains how war destroyed every house placed there. Secondly, because it affected people emotionally. In the story, the children did not trust that something good could happen and wanted to destroy the only house that survived the war. The story does not tackle the causes of the war since it is placed after the war.

 

7) At the end of the story, the gang ended up destroying the whole house. When Old Misery was able to escape, he was devastated because of the destruction of the house. We believe that the author ended the story in that way to prove that nothing good could stand after a war.

 

8) At the end T. Reaches his goal. Old misery cannot escape the loo all night and only gets out when it’s too late. In the morning, a man came to get his cab from the car-park in front of the old house, and began to drive away not knowing what effect it would have. The car came to a jolting as if being pulled from behind, resulting in a disaster. The house falling in pieces to end having debris all over the place.

 

9) yes, it is true that on a deeper level the story is about delinquency, war, and the hidden forces which motivate our actions because it is strange to see some kids of 9-13 years in these kind of situations.

 

10) Ibelieve the destruction of Old misery’s house was more senseless than the destruction brought about war. The war had an aim, citizens fought together as brothers for the well being of their country, they gave their lives for their people, while what the kids did with Old misery’s home had no sense or aim, their only target was to destroy, and they took a life along with it.

 

11) Nihilism means the rejection of all religious and moral principles, in the belief that life is meaningless. The gang actions of the story demonstrate a kind of nihilism since the same protagonist are the ones who reject any belief or faith in something good. Plus, they do not have moral principles either. We can assume that because they destroyed the house of an old man who did not deserve what happened to him.

Analysis

First Stanza:

  1. Stanza 1 begins with a description of the shocking condition of a group of soldiers retreating from the battlefield. Owen is the observer of another incident of misery and the horror if trench warfare.

  2. “Bent double, like old beggars under sacks” simile undermines stereotypes, imagine of a soldiers as young and fit. Suggests they are filthy and weak.

  3. Owen gives an impression that war was disappointing and makes the soldier appear drunk, or even like zombies from the exhaust and continues fight to survive, even without a gas bomb or a battle, they are zombie-like.

 

Second stanza:

  1. “Gas! Gas!” This line begins with two disruptions of the rhythm, with the succession of the four sharp, short, stressed syllables and the disruption of the telling voice.

  2. The «ecstasy of fumbling» which goes on here, however, is anything but rapturous.
    We’re back to the sort of ironic language that we’ve seen in the title – combining elevated language with absolute chaos makes the whole experience seem totally out of proportion, they are scared and mad because of war.

  3. “As under a green sea, I saw him drowning”  an extended metaphor describes the man choking to death – unable to breathe, he falls about. Owen describes having flashbacks to the death of his comrade highlighting how the impact of war last over many years and across generations.

 

Read the poem:

  1. Look for information about Wilfred Owen

  2. Characteristics of war poetry

  3. Explain each stanza with your own words

  4. Which images predominate? Quote and explain

  5. What does the title mean?

 

Answers:

  1. Wilfred Edward Salter Owen, MC (18 March 1893 – 4 November 1918) was an English poet and soldier. He was one of the leading poets of the First World War. His war poetry was on the horrors of trenches and gas. He had been writing poetry for some years before the war.

  2. War poetry is poetry written that was written during WW1, between 1914-1918. It deals with 4 important themes: honor, injury, gender relations, and poetic formalism.

    1. Stanza N°1: The first line takes the reader straight into the ranks of the soldiers, an unusual opening, only we’re told they resemble old beggars and hags by the speaker who is actually in amongst this sick and motley crew.

    2. Stanza N°2: We delve deeper into the scene as chemical warfare raises its ugly head and one man gets caught out. He’s too slow to don his gas mask and helmet which would save his life by filtering out the toxins.

    3. Stanza N°3: Only two lines long, this stanza brings home the personal effect on the speaker. I, my, me – the image sears through and scars despite the dream-like atmosphere created by the green gas and the floundering soldier.

    4. Stanza N°4: The speaker widens the issue by confronting the reader (and especially the people at home, far away from the war), suggesting that if they too could experience what he had witnessed, they would not be so quick to praise the war dead. They would be lying to future generations if they thought that death on the battlefield was sweet.

  3. The title of the poem is a reference to one of Horace’s, a roman philosopher and poet, odes. The phrase is translated to “It is sweet and fitting to die for one’s country.”

 

Poem analysis

 

Soldier, rest! by Sir Walter Scott

 

It is composed by three stanzas each one of 12 lines

It has repetitions:

 

“Soldier, rest! thy warfare o’er”

“Sleep the sleep that knows not breaking”

“dream of battlefields not more”

“nights of waking”

“Huntsman, rest! thy chase done”

“rising sun”

“bugles”

Sleep”

“Reveille”

 

literary devices:

 

Anaphora

 

Sleep! the deer in his den;

Sleep! thy hounds are by three lying;

Sleep! nor dream in yonder

 

Alliteration

 

Sleep the sleep

days of danger

fairy strains of music fall

 

Metaphors

 

Days of danger, nights of waking

morn of tail, nor night of waking.

Hands unseen

Sleep the sleep that knows not breaking

The warfare o’er

 

Oxymoron

 

nights of waking

 

Imagery

war and army, hunting, deer, den, hounds

 

Theme

 

  • Criticism of war

  • Struggle of life

  • Battle of life and death

  • After life

  • Meaning of life

 

Tone

 

  • Dreamy

  • Reflective

  • Calm

  • Reassuring

 

Our interpretation of the story is based on life and death and life after death, we believe that through the poem the author is trying to transmit us that life is a constant battle and that has lots of difficulties and that there are obstacles that we are going to get through but they are some we won’t, at the end death is compared with finally resting and being in peace and never suffer again because that was life. The poem has a connection with Romanticism because the Romantic movement had a strong influence on death and the afterlife, this afterlife is became idealized in literature, they were against their society and so they had other alternatives; to focus on the past or to focus on the life after death.

 

Death Bed by Siegfried Sassoon

 

The poem “Death Bed” by Siegfried Sassoon portrays the experience of a soldier who is badly hurt and is coming in and out of consciousness. The soldier is suffering a battle between life and death, which finally ends with him dying because death “chooses” him. As, during the poem, he is coming in and out of consciousness, he can’t distinguish reality from dreams. This confuses us readers as we as well can’t differentiate what is real and what isn’t.

 

  • Themes

    • War

    • Death

    • Battle of life and death

 

  • Tone

    • Agony

    • Dark

    • Confused

 

The ladt in the looking glass

Questions

  1. Notice how the mirror in the first paragraph is set up as the frame for a kind of a portrait.
  2. The unnamed narrator attempts to construct a portrait of the Isabella Tyson that consists of her outer self and her inner self. The portrait is reflected in the objects inside and outside the house as they reflect in the mirror.Describe the images reflected in the mirror.
  3. What kind of contrast is there between the objects inside the house and outside the house, as they are reflected in the mirror
  4. Describe how the narrator attempts to compose the portrait through the mood inside the room, through her own imagination, and through the presentation of Isabella in the mirror
  5. What are the known facts about Isabella’s outer self?
  6. What material objects inside and outside the house does the narrator use to imagine Isabella’s life?
  7. What are Isabella’s letters supposed to conceal, according to the narrator? What would one know if one could only read them?
  8. At the end of the story, according to the narrator, is it possible to know objectively one’s inner reality?
  9. In this story Woolf questions whether the inner self of an individual is finally knowable. What do you think is her conclusion? Provide support for your statement.
  10. What do you think is the role of the mirror in the story? How has the mirror been used as a metaphor in literature?
  11. Describe the characteristics of this story that resemble stream-of-consciousness narrative technique.

Find a picture of a room inside and a garden to illustrate the house in the story

Read the following text. How is this related to the story?

 

Answers:

  1. The looking glass “framed” Isabella, wh. she looked at herself in the looking glass, all the superficial things that she carried fell off. She stood completely naked in front of the mirror, making the readers able to see what were her thoughts and feelings, she had none. The mirror framed her, uncover and found Isabella’s inner self.
  2. The images reflected in the mirror are images of death. While the lady was standing in front of the mirror you could see that, even though she seem calmed and normal on the outside , she was dead on the inside.
  3. While the inside of the house was very messy and lonely, the outside was full of life and bright. This contrast between the two places, inside and outside, reflect the lady’s state of mind, she was calmed on the outside but a mess on the inside.
  4. The objects inside the house are described as constantly moving; chaotic. While the objects outside the house are described as fragile. The mirror reflects this two states of mind.
  5. The facts known about Isabella’s outer self are that she had a lot of money. Also that she had travelled all around the world, and we can say this because she had gathered one thing from each country she was in. Also she was a spinster, and she seem to not have any family connections.
  6. We can suppose that Isabella Tyson is a very materialistic and rich woman. She is what she chooses to show; the physical part. Isabella is a spinster.
  7. The letters that Isabella wrote concealed her inside self, so her personality and her illusions. So if you read the letters you could see what she’s thinking and feeling.
  8. Yes, in the end of the story Isabella realizes that she is dead inside and she is naked of personality, so her reality is given away to the reader, and we realizes that she is lonely and lost.
  9. We can know one’s inner self but at the same time, it is empty so there is nothing to know. At the beginning we think that Isabella owns some letters that we later come to realise that they are nothing but bills.
  10. We believe the mirror is a reflection of the inner self, in the story, it has the role of discovering the real Isabella, and make her see how empty she is. The mirror is a metaphor of purification, self realization, in this case, what Isabella really is.
  11. The stream of consciousness is a technique that Virginia Woolf used when she wrote whatever that came through her mind. She used Isabella to convey her feelings, thoughts and ideas. At the end of the story, we realize that Isabella and Virginia Woolf is empty inside.

 

literature

Activity 1

Answer the following questions

1. Read about the writer.

Make notes about her life and about what may have influenced her writings. Why is it said that the life of the writer was a tragedy?

After the death of her sister from cancer in 1927, she descended into a deep depression, and was admitted to a nursing home where she eventually committed suicide

2. Read the poem: how are “rooms” described?

Rooms are described as a nostalgic place, something the author miss

3. “The poem offers us a poignant account of loss as qualified through the depiction of abandoned rooms. Rooms are the physical means to which relationships are developed and consecrated. It entails intimacy and love, as well as abandon and death. It shelters individuals, as well as couples, from the harshness of the natural elements outside, providing them with a private and cosy space. There is also a sense of shifting dependence as the couples travel from room to room, leaving their trails behind and simultaneously having images of the abandoned rooms imprinted upon their memories.”

Account for this with quotation from the poem

4. The poem begins “I remember”. What does this tell you about the voice? And the tone?

It has very powerful beginning, it tells you that the voice has a nostalgia of something past. The tone is melancholic and sad.

5. What is the theme in your opinion? What is the tone?

The theme is memories from the past and the tone is sad and melancholic nostalgic memories, depress.

Unseen paper: tips

 

 

Universal themes:

  • rite of passage
  • displacement, alienation (isolation)
  • empowerment (power relations)

Mother – father/ son – daughter

Wife/husband

Boss/employee

  • Postcolonialism (colonizer, colonized)
  • Inner vs outer self
  • Characters vs context

 

Mentioned literary devices

  • Point of view
  • Symbols
  • Pathetic fallacy
  • Metaphors/similes
  • Hyperbolic language
  • Specularity
  • Epiphany
  • Dramática irony
  • Tone/mood/atmosphere

 

Semantic fields

  • Pay attention to specific vocabulary (nature,daily life etc)

Billenium

1. The story retells the life two friends, John Ward and Henry Rossiter, who live an overpopulated world in a distant future. The amount of space one person can occupy is only thirty eight square feet, and both friends share a “cubicle” to live in. They both have trouble dealing with the crowded city, where pedestrian traffic jams can last for an entire day. One day Ward discovers a forgotten room, with lots of space, adjacent to their cubicle. Both friends feel extremely exited, since their biggest dream had come true: to have more space. As they have lots of free space to fill up, they buy a Victorian wardrobe which they love and are really happy because now they are able to have it. Later, they invite their girlfriends to share the extra room with them. However, the girls ask their families to move in, which causes Ward, who used to despise landlords, to become a landlord himself, and only focuses on earning more money rather than on enjoying their new space. In the end, Ward and Rossiter need more space, since they had run out of it again, so the break up the beautiful wardrobe, which symbolized the thing they had longed for their entire lives, and now didn’t have anymore: space.

2. The problem of overpopulation leads to the issue of loss of privacy that is another main theme in the story. Since they don’t have privacy and space their lives aren’t normal. They have to wait at least one day of traffic and the size of the cubicles are extremely restricted.

3. The world is excedingly overpopulated, which causes the inhabitants in Billenium to become obsessed with the idea of gaining more space. They have absolutely no privacy and nowhere where they can be alone, which is what they seek. We can see this in the reactions of Ward and Rossiter when they discover the hidden room. More space equals a new, better, improved life.

4. L

5. L

6. L

7. L

8. Rossiter is more agresive than Ward, and he is the one who persuades him to let the girls move into their room, and later to remove the wardrobe. He causes them to lose their privacy again, and becomes absorbed with the idea of getting more space for more people, so he doesn’t realize he’s losing his own privacy.

9. L

10. L

11. The secret room in the story represents a new chance of having a new life, a more confortable one. It’s their chance of renovating theirselves and fullfilling their biggest dream. However, without realizing it, they end up ruining their chance.

12. L

13. In their secret room they end up allowing and accomodating to the same lifestyle they had before. Their room was much bigger, however they allowed so many people in that now it feels the same way as the smaller cubicle did before.

14. The author uses third person point of view in the story, and he chooses specific words to highlight the lack of space.

Analysis tyres

(p.404) key moment

No, they can see the War is near!

War is really happening in front of their eyes!!

Love and War get interconnected (p.404-405)

Specularit: he feels reflected on the body of a young boy (son of butcher’s)

Climax: point of no return, hw finally feels involved/touched

(P.405) Description of the «act» full of emotional.

The narrator feels alive!

Ending (p.407)

Dead-alive

He is alive but dead inside

Feels guilty: narrator: stagnation, he never grew out of it, senseless life

He spends the rest of his life for his mistakes

Voice:

A narrator telling his memories (flashback)

Tone: sad, depressing, romántica, guilty

He couldn’t move on

Theme:

Love and War, rite of passage, guilt

Questions of act 2 «An Inspector Calls» (in process)

I answered the questions with Rosario Vago

1.What is the mood at the dining room at the start of act 2?

2.Why do Gerald and Sheila react “bitterly” to each other?
6.How does Mrs Birling re-enter the dinning-room? Why does Sheila warn her?
7.What is Mrs Birling’s attitude to Eva Smith?
19.How does the Inspector’s attitude start to change?
20. What makes Sheila suddenly aware of Eric’s involvement?
21.Why does Mrs Birling react in a “frightened” way?
22.What is the mood at the dining-room as Eric re-enters?

 

1- The mood at the start of act 2 was tense, and the Birling family was arguing, that created an unpleasant atmosphere. “Inspector, I think Mrs. Birling ought to be excused any more of this questioning. She’s nothing more to tell you. She’s had a long, exciting and tiring day- we were celebrating our engagement, you know- and now she’s obviously had about as much as she can stand. You heard her.” In this quote, Gerald was trying to avoid the inspector questioning about the dead girl, because this is ruining their engagement.

2- Gerald and Sheila reacted “bitterly” to each other because of Daisy Renton, Sheila started to understand why Gerald didn’t get close to her last summer. Daisy was the reason, they had an affair, so Sheila reacted the way she did because of that.

6- Mrs. Birling re-entered to the dining room very confident, and she showed that she had nothing to worry about. Sheila warned her to calm and to lose her confident, because she knew that the inspector was aware of everything. “You see, I feel you’re beginning all wrong. And I’m afraid you’ll say something or do something that you’ll be sorry for afterwards.”

7. Mrs. Birling’s attitude towards Eva Smith wasn’t pleasant. When she first met her and heard her name, Mrs. Birling thought that this girl was lying because Eva Smith came to the organisation as Mrs. Birling. She used the power she had to not allow the organisation to help Eva Smith. She did this because she believed that the father of the child should give her the money to support the baby.